新冠疫情(造成的)物资短缺促使澳大利亚回迁制造业

新冠疫情(造成的)物资短缺促使澳大利亚回迁制造业

图片背景

Australia has been forced to rethink its industrial policy after an acute shortage of ventilators and protective equipment exposed what critics labelled its “dependence” on China. Canberra has promised to nurture local manufacturing to ensure it is less reliant on global supply chains.

澳大利亚被迫重新思考其产业政策,原因是呼吸机和防护设备的严重短缺暴露出批评者所谓澳大利亚“依赖”中国的问题。堪培拉方面已承诺扶持本国制造业,以确保减轻对全球供应链的依赖。

Australia is a nation that has built its economy on free trade and shipping raw materials to China. So the new policy represents a pivotal change for the conservative government.

澳大利亚是一个把经济建立在自由贸易和向中国出口原材料基础上的国家。因此,这一新政策代表澳大利亚保守派政府的一个重要转变。

“This crisis has exposed deep vulnerabilities in global supply chains and how many western nations have allowed their manufacturing sectors to become hollowed out amid low cost competition, particularly from China.”

“这场危机暴露了全球供应链的深层脆弱性,以及有多少西方国家在低成本竞争、尤其是来自中国的竞争中,让自己的制造业空心化了。”

“Nations are realising low-cost goods are not the only priority and China will not retain the dominant position in manufacturing it enjoyed prior to this crisis.”

“各国正认识到,低成本商品并非唯一优先事项,中国此后将难以维系这次危机前其在制造业享有的主导地位。”

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